Since its official launch last June, Zelle has been all about carving out a healthy piece of the burgeoning person-to-person payments market for financial institutions. Now it’s promoting another service that leverages its network but could prove far more lucrative: disbursements.
When companies, associations, or other organizations need to pay members or other consumers, the common practice is to cut and mail a check. Zelle hopes to convert that paper to digital payments through connections it’s already establishing on its bank-owned and –controlled payments network.
Of the more than 100 financial institutions that have joined Zelle, seven have so far signed up for business-to-consumer payment processing, including banking behemoth Bank of America Corp. Among organizations using the service are Allstate Insurance Co. and the American Red Cross. Zelle, which is operated by the bank-owned, Scottsdale, Ariz.-based Early Warning Services LLC, has not disclosed how many organizations have signed up.
“We have ambitious targets,” Eric Foust, senior director for product management at Zelle, tells Digital Transactions News, though the company will not reveal current disbursement volume or volume projections. “We expect volume growth is really going to explode.”
If that’s an accurate prediction, Zelle could benefit handsomely because it levies an undisclosed fee for these transactions, unlike the free service it offers for P2P payments. The advantage for companies lies in savings from doing away with paper check processing and postage. It’s also a potential crowd-pleaser, Foust points out because consumers will get their money in near real-time. In situations such as insurance payouts, payroll, travel reimbursement, and emergency payments, that could prove critical.
“It’s really big,” Foust says. “That’s a real value-add to that consumer.”
Simplicity is part of the appeal, he says. Companies need only the recipient’s name, email address, and mobile-phone number to send a payment. For consumers whose accounts are with out-of-network banks, Zelle uses Visa Direct and Mastercard Send, both of which leverage the card networks to enable near-real-time transfers. Recipients must be enrolled in Zelle either through a participating bank or through the Zelle app.
The revenue potential from B2C payments could help answer a question that lingers over not only Zelle but also competing, non-bank P2P services such as PayPal Holdings Inc.’s Venmo. These services are also free, and in Venmo’s case this is dragging down PayPal’s take rate, the amount it earns on all transactions, even as the P2P service enjoys explosive growth.
Zelle, too, is growing fast. Last week, it announced it moved more than $25 billion over its network in the first quarter, a 15% increase from the fourth quarter, on 85 million transactions, up 14%. That could make disbursements—and the fee income it generates—a timely service.
PayPal has looked to generate revenue for Venmo by introducing it as an in-store payment mark, known as “Pay With Venmo,” which is now available at more than 2 million stores. While Foust doesn’t rule out a move like that, it would likely be some time off as a new set of rules and regulations would have to be put in place. Right now, “there’s nothing concrete,” he says. “There’s a lot of work to support a point-of-sale model, a lot I’s and T’s to be dotted and crossed.”